The Devil Made Him Do It

In a grassy meadow (once called “Frisbee Valley”) at the bottom of Suicide Hill is a line of boulders – a sculpture colloquially known as Snake Rock. Actually titled “Lucifer Landing (Real Snake in Imaginary Garden)” or Lucifer Landing for short, the sculpture was designed by American artist Richard Nonas using thirty-nine boulders which zigzag in a serpentine line. One could describe the boulder with the sharp-angled end as resembling the head of a snake, while the rest of the boulders (relatively the same height as each other) taper to the tail section, which appear like rattles. While some think the boulders, which weigh a collective seventy tons!, were found on Cranbrook’s grounds, they were actually acquired in Clarkston, Michigan and represent a cross-section of the type of rocks deposited by the glaciers in Oakland County.

Richard Nonas, 1989. Courtesy Cranbrook Archives, Jane Knirr photographer.

Nonas was invited by Cranbrook Academy of Art’s Head of Sculpture, Michael Hall, to join other major artists like Alice Aycock, Mark DiSuvero, Dennis Oppenheim, and Robert Stackhouse in exhibiting temporary sculpture installations across campus. Funded by the Academy of Art Women’s Committee and Gilbert and Lila Silverman, Lucifer Landing was installed in 1989 – the first sculpture to be placed on campus since the 1970s. Twenty Academy of Art students helped put the boulders in place.

Trained as an archaeologist, Nonas was known for sitting abstract works in wood, stone, or metal directly on the ground. He said “it amused me to place something at Cranbrook that [Eliel] Saarinen might have seen as a child in Finland. There are prehistoric stone monuments near his boyhood home.” While working on the sculpture, Nonas developed a great respect for Cranbrook’s sense of place, and wanted to construct a small form that changed as you walked by and around it – a “sculpture that activates its space, that confuses you a little, keeps you involved in it as you walk past it.” A form that looked almost natural but really couldn’t be.

Lucifer Landing, October 2017. Photograph by the author.

The sculpture’s title suggests the relationship between man and not-man, man and nature, and nature as it was before man. Nonas described how Lucifer, the rebel angel who was expelled from heaven, came to Cranbrook and left an intrusive mark in the Cranbrook landscape, creating an “itch he [Saarinen] couldn’t scratch.”

NOTE: For an excellent article “A Mark of Place: Lucifer Landing Past, Present and Future” on the mistaken dismantling of the sculpture in February 1999, see The Crane-Clarion’s June 1999 issue. Cranbrook Kingswood senior and associate editor Erica Friedman discussed the Cranbrook landscape and how we must face the “problem of destruction passing for progress” – a topic many Americans, including those at Cranbrook, continue to face today.

Leslie S. Edwards, Head Archivist

3 thoughts on “The Devil Made Him Do It

  1. Dear Leslie,

    What a great post! I am so pleased you found Erica’s treasure, that wonderful essay. I think our reporting played a role in exposing the stupidity of removing the sculpture—I hear they just dumped the rocks in the Valley—and shaming the administration of CEC into restoring it to its rightful place. (I heard that the threat of a lawsuit played the largest role.) I was also grateful to see that picture of Nonas. I never knew what he looked like.

    By the way, before I advised the Crane I advised the Environmental Club, from the mid- to late 1980s until 1995 or 1996. (It is hard to believe now that I advised both the club and the Crane for a number of years. Not sure how I did that.) We always met there and passed around a small Petoskey stone—the “talking stone”—to reflect, to talk about our goals, to assess activities we had accomplished. We had ritualized meetings, especially beginning and end of year meetings, at “Snake Rock.” I saw many generations of CK students use that spot for reflection and conversation.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thanks for your comments David – I love the use of the “talking stone.” Maybe current students would like to revise that . . . Archives would love to document the Environmental Club if you have materials you’d like to pass on to us.

      Like

  2. Pingback: Cranbrook Kitchen Sink: Best of 2017 | Cranbrook Kitchen Sink

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